20 Pros and Cons of Owning a Shetland Sheepdog

Selecting a dog breed to welcome into your home is a significant decision. It requires thoughtful consideration of your lifestyle, living situation, and personal preferences. The Shetland Sheepdog, often affectionately referred to as the “Sheltie,” is a small herding breed known for its intelligence, agility, and striking appearance. In this comprehensive article, we will delve into the pros and cons of owning a Shetland Sheepdog, helping you make an informed decision about whether this breed is the right fit for your family and lifestyle.

The Shetland Sheepdog: A Brief Overview

The Shetland Sheepdog is a small to medium-sized herding breed that originated in the Shetland Islands of Scotland. This breed is often described as an intelligent and agile worker, known for herding sheep, cattle, and other livestock. Shelties possess a distinctive appearance with a lush double coat, expressive almond-shaped eyes, and a graceful, flowing mane. Beyond their herding talents, Shetland Sheepdogs have endeared themselves to families worldwide as affectionate, loyal, and highly trainable companions.

Pros of Owning a Shetland Sheepdog

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  1. Intelligent and Trainable

Shetland Sheepdogs are widely recognized for their exceptional intelligence and trainability. They quickly grasp commands and thrive on learning new tricks and tasks. Their agility and ability to adapt to various training techniques make them suitable for various dog sports, obedience trials, and work as service dogs.

  1. Great Companions

Shelties are known for forming strong bonds with their families, making them excellent companions. They are loyal, affectionate, and often described as “Velcro dogs” due to their desire to be close to their loved ones. If you seek a devoted and loving companion, a Shetland Sheepdog can be a great choice.

  1. Energetic and Playful

Shetland Sheepdogs are active and playful, and they enjoy engaging in games and activities with their owners. Their high energy levels can bring joy and entertainment to your household. They make great playmates for children and can keep the whole family active.

  1. Excellent Watchdogs

Despite their small size, Shelties have a strong protective instinct. They are vigilant and quick to bark when they detect any unusual sounds or potential intruders. Their alertness can provide an added sense of security to your home.

  1. Adaptability

Shetland Sheepdogs are versatile when it comes to living situations. They adapt well to apartments or houses with yards. They are known for their flexibility and can accommodate various lifestyles, from singles to families with children.

  1. Low Shedding

While Shelties have a dense double coat, they are not heavy shedders. Regular grooming and brushing can help manage their coat and reduce shedding, making them a suitable choice for those concerned about allergies and pet hair.

  1. Good with Children

Shetland Sheepdogs are generally good with children, thanks to their friendly and patient nature. They are well-mannered, and their herding instincts often lead them to be protective of the younger members of the family. However, proper supervision is essential to ensure safe interactions between the dog and child.

  1. Agility and Versatility

Shelties excel in agility and obedience activities. They are natural athletes, known for their grace and speed in agility trials. Their versatility allows them to participate in various dog sports and activities, providing mental and physical stimulation.

  1. Minimal Health Issues

Shetland Sheepdogs are considered a relatively healthy breed. Responsible breeding practices have helped reduce the prevalence of genetic health issues. Regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, and an active lifestyle contribute to their overall well-being.

  1. Gorgeous Appearance

Shetland Sheepdogs are celebrated for their striking appearance. Their lush double coat, almond-shaped eyes, and elegant mane give them a regal and charming look. If you appreciate a breed with a beautiful and distinct appearance, a Sheltie may be your perfect match.

Cons of Owning a Shetland Sheepdog

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  1. Herding Instincts

The herding instincts in Shetland Sheepdogs can be both a pro and a con. While their herding tendencies can make them excellent working dogs, they may exhibit herding behaviors such as nipping at the heels of family members, especially children. Proper training and socialization can help manage these behaviors.

  1. Grooming Demands

The Shetland Sheepdog’s lush double coat requires regular grooming and brushing to prevent matting and tangling. Neglecting grooming can lead to discomfort for the dog and health issues. Their grooming demands can be a significant time and financial commitment.

  1. Noise Sensitivity

Shetland Sheepdogs can be sensitive to noise and may become anxious or agitated in loud environments, during thunderstorms, or fireworks displays. If you live in a noisy area or have noise disturbances, you may need to take extra measures to keep your Sheltie calm and comfortable.

  1. Potential for Separation Anxiety

Due to their strong bond with their owners, Shetland Sheepdogs can develop separation anxiety when left alone for extended periods. This may lead to destructive behaviors, excessive barking, and house soiling. If your work or lifestyle requires extended periods away from home, you’ll need to plan for appropriate care and stimulation for your Sheltie.

  1. Limited Availability

Finding a Shetland Sheepdog can be a challenge, as they are not as common as some other breeds. Reputable breeders may have waitlists for puppies. It’s crucial to do thorough research and choose a responsible breeder who prioritizes the health and well-being of their dogs.

  1. Barking Tendencies

Shetland Sheepdogs are known for their barking tendencies. They may bark to alert their owners to any potential threats or unusual sounds. While this can be a useful trait in a watchdog, it may become excessive and bothersome if not properly managed or trained.

  1. Strong-Willed Behavior

While intelligent and trainable, Shetland Sheepdogs can exhibit strong-willed behavior at times. They may resist commands or exhibit stubbornness, especially if they are not motivated or engaged. Consistent training and positive reinforcement methods are essential for success.

  1. Potential for Nervousness

Some Shelties can be nervous or skittish around new people or in unfamiliar situations. Early and consistent socialization is necessary to ensure that they are comfortable around other animals and people. Failure to socialize properly can lead to behavioral issues.

  1. Need for Mental Stimulation

Shetland Sheepdogs require both physical and mental stimulation. Without sufficient mental challenges, they may become bored and engage in undesirable behaviors, such as excessive barking or destructive chewing. Providing puzzles, interactive toys, and training exercises can help keep their minds active.

  1. Need for Exercise

While they adapt well to apartment living, Shetland Sheepdogs have high energy levels and require regular exercise to stay healthy and happy. A daily walk and playtime are essential to keep them physically fit and mentally engaged.


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The decision to bring a Shetland Sheepdog into your life is a personal one and should align with your lifestyle, preferences, and willingness to meet their unique needs. While these dogs are known for their intelligence, loyalty, and agility, they also come with certain challenges, including grooming demands and potential separation anxiety.

Before deciding to own a Shetland Sheepdog, it’s essential to carefully consider the pros and cons outlined in this article. If you are prepared for the grooming and maintenance and if you can provide the necessary love and attention, a Shetland Sheepdog can be a wonderful companion, offering years of affection and companionship. However, if you have a busy lifestyle or are looking for a more low-maintenance or less active dog, this breed may not be the best fit. Always research and consult with reputable breeders or rescue organizations to ensure that the Shetland Sheepdog aligns with your expectations and capabilities as a dog owner.


  1. What is a Shetland Sheepdog?
    • A Shetland Sheepdog, often referred to as a Sheltie, is a small to medium-sized herding dog breed originally from the Shetland Islands of Scotland.
  2. What is the history of the Shetland Sheepdog breed?
    • Shelties were developed by breeding small Rough Collies with local Shetland working dogs, creating a herding breed well-suited for the Shetland Islands’ rugged terrain.
  3. How big do Shetland Sheepdogs typically get?
    • Shetland Sheepdogs are a small to medium-sized breed, standing about 13 to 16 inches (33 to 41 cm) tall at the shoulder and weighing around 20 to 30 pounds (9 to 14 kg).
  4. What is the appearance of a Shetland Sheepdog’s coat?
    • Shelties have a double coat with a dense, straight outer layer and a soft undercoat. Their coat comes in various colors, including sable, black, and blue merle.
  5. Are Shetland Sheepdogs hypoallergenic?
    • They are not hypoallergenic, as they shed seasonally and can produce allergenic dander. Regular grooming can help manage shedding.
  6. How much grooming do Shetland Sheepdogs require?
    • Shelties require regular grooming to maintain their coat, including brushing a few times a week and periodic baths. They also need their nails trimmed and ears cleaned.
  7. Are they good with children and other pets?
    • Shetland Sheepdogs are known for their friendly and gentle nature, making them excellent family pets. They also tend to get along well with other animals when properly socialized.
  8. What is the average lifespan of a Shetland Sheepdog?
    • The typical lifespan of a Sheltie is 12 to 15 years with proper care.
  9. What are some common health concerns in Shetland Sheepdogs?
    • Shelties may be prone to certain health issues like hip dysplasia, eye problems, and progressive retinal atrophy. Responsible breeding can help minimize these risks.
  10. Are Shetland Sheepdogs easy to train?
    • Shelties are highly intelligent and eager to please, making them relatively easy to train. They excel in obedience and agility training.
  11. How much exercise do they need?
    • Shetland Sheepdogs are an active breed and require regular exercise, including daily walks and playtime to keep them mentally and physically stimulated.
  12. Can Shetland Sheepdogs adapt to apartment living?
    • While they are small, they need space to move around, so apartment living may not be ideal. A house with a yard is preferable.
  13. Do Shetland Sheepdogs suffer from separation anxiety?
    • Shelties can develop separation anxiety if left alone for long periods. Proper training and keeping them mentally engaged can help alleviate this.
  14. Are they good herding dogs?
    • Shetland Sheepdogs have strong herding instincts, and they can excel in herding activities and dog sports.
  15. Do Shetland Sheepdogs bark a lot?
    • They are known to be vocal and may bark to alert their owners or express their excitement or anxiety.
  16. Can Shetland Sheepdogs be prone to obesity?
    • Like many breeds, they can become overweight if their diet is not properly managed. Controlling portion sizes and providing regular exercise is important.
  17. Do they have specific dietary requirements?
    • Feeding a high-quality dog food appropriate for their size, age, and activity level is essential. Consult with a veterinarian for dietary recommendations.
  18. Can Shetland Sheepdogs compete in dog sports and agility?
    • Shelties are excellent candidates for dog sports, agility, and obedience competitions due to their intelligence and agility.
  19. Are Shetland Sheepdogs good therapy dogs?
    • Their friendly and gentle nature makes them suitable for therapy dog work, providing comfort and companionship to those in need.
  20. How can I find a reputable Shetland Sheepdog breeder?
    • Look for breed clubs and associations, visit breeders who prioritize health and well-being, and ask for references before choosing a breeder.
  21. What are some unique traits of Shetland Sheepdogs?
    • Shelties are known for their intelligence, agility, and strong herding instincts. They are loyal, affectionate, and excel in activities that challenge their minds and bodies.
Joanne Smith

Joanne Smith

Dr. Smith's journey into veterinary medicine began in high school, where she gained valuable experience in various veterinary settings, including dairy farms, before pursuing her Doctor of Veterinary Medicine degree. Afterward, she started as a full-time general practitioner at two different animal hospitals, refining her skills. Later, she established herself as a relief veterinarian, offering essential care when regular veterinarians are unavailable, traveling from one hospital to another. Dr. Smith also excels in emergency animal hospitals, providing vital care during nights and weekends, demonstrating her dedication to the profession.

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