What are the indications that she is about to have puppies?

Signs of Impending Labor in Dogs

As a responsible dog owner, it is crucial to be prepared for the arrival of newborn puppies. One of the most important things to look out for is the signs that indicate your dog is about to go into labor. By being aware of these indications, you can ensure a safe and smooth delivery for your beloved pet. Here are some common signs to watch for:

Physical Changes in Pregnant Dogs

During the final stages of pregnancy, a dog’s body undergoes certain physical changes that can help you determine if labor is imminent. The most noticeable change is the enlargement of the abdomen as the puppies grow. The mammary glands also become more prominent and may produce milk. Additionally, you might observe the vulva swelling and becoming softer.

Decreased Appetite and Increased Resting

As the due date approaches, a pregnant dog may experience a loss of appetite. This is normal and can be attributed to the physical discomfort caused by the growing puppies. Alongside decreased appetite, you may notice your dog seeking more rest and sleeping longer than usual. These behavioral changes indicate that your dog’s body is preparing for labor.

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Nesting Behavior and Search for Isolation

Just like human mothers-to-be, pregnant dogs often exhibit nesting behavior. They may start rearranging their bedding or searching for a secluded and comfortable spot to give birth. This behavior is an instinctual way for dogs to create a safe and secure space for their puppies. If your dog starts displaying such nesting behavior, it is a strong indication that labor is imminent.

Temperature Drop as a Precursor to Labor

An important sign that your dog is about to go into labor is a drop in her body temperature. Normally, a dog’s temperature is around 101 to 102.5 degrees Fahrenheit. However, approximately 24 hours before delivery, her temperature may decrease to around 97 to 99 degrees Fahrenheit. Monitoring the temperature can be a helpful tool in predicting the timing of labor.

Loss of Mucus Plug and Female Genitalia Discharge

During pregnancy, dogs develop a mucus plug in their cervix to protect the uterus from infection. As labor approaches, the mucus plug is expelled, and you may notice a discharge from your dog’s female genitalia. This discharge can vary in color and consistency, ranging from clear to slightly bloody. It is important to note that if the discharge is green or black, it could indicate complications, and you should contact your veterinarian immediately.

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Restlessness and Frequent Urination

Restlessness is often observed in dogs as labor draws near. Your dog may pace, whine, or seem unable to settle. This restlessness is caused by the discomfort of contractions and the overall excitement of impending delivery. Additionally, you may notice increased frequency of urination as the puppies press against the bladder.

Noticeable Abdominal Contractions Begin

Once labor starts, you will observe your dog experiencing abdominal contractions. These contractions are an indication that the puppies are moving through the birth canal and the birth process has begun. You may notice your dog’s abdomen visibly tightening and then relaxing as the contractions come and go. The interval between contractions will gradually decrease as labor progresses.

Rupture of Water Bag and Active Labor

During active labor, you may witness the rupture of the water bag, which surrounds each puppy. This rupture will result in the release of amniotic fluid. After the water breaks, you can expect your dog’s contractions to become more intense and frequent. At this point, the puppies are on their way, and you should be prepared to assist if necessary.

First Puppy Arrives: Stage 1 of Labor

Once active labor begins, the first puppy should arrive within two hours. Typically, the delivery of the first puppy takes the longest due to the gradual dilation of the birth canal. The mother dog will instinctively know what to do during this stage, and you should avoid interfering unless there is an obvious problem or distress.

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Delivery of Multiple Puppies: Stage 2

After the first puppy is born, the subsequent puppies should be delivered in a relatively steady and rhythmic manner. Each puppy will be enclosed in a separate placenta. It is important to give the mother dog time to rest between deliveries, but if more than two hours pass without any sign of further labor, it is advisable to consult a veterinarian for assistance.

Completion of Labor and Postpartum Care

Once all the puppies have been safely delivered, the mother dog enters the third stage of labor, which involves the expulsion of the placentas. It is important to count the number of placentas expelled to ensure none remain inside the dog. After labor, it is essential to provide the mother dog with a calm and clean environment, along with proper nutrition and hydration, to aid her recovery.

In conclusion, being able to recognize the signs of impending labor in dogs is vital for ensuring the well-being of both the mother and her puppies. By closely monitoring your pregnant dog for physical changes, behavioral cues, and the progress of labor, you can provide the necessary support and care during this special time. Remember, if you have any concerns or doubts, it is always best to consult a veterinarian for professional guidance.

Joanne Smith

Joanne Smith

Dr. Smith's journey into veterinary medicine began in high school, where she gained valuable experience in various veterinary settings, including dairy farms, before pursuing her Doctor of Veterinary Medicine degree. Afterward, she started as a full-time general practitioner at two different animal hospitals, refining her skills. Later, she established herself as a relief veterinarian, offering essential care when regular veterinarians are unavailable, traveling from one hospital to another. Dr. Smith also excels in emergency animal hospitals, providing vital care during nights and weekends, demonstrating her dedication to the profession.

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